Curcuma caesia is commonly known as kali haldi and it belongs to the family Zingiberaceae. This herb is available throughout in India it is found in West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh states. In the traditional system of medicine, fresh and dried rhizomes of Curcuma caesia Roxb are used in treating leucoderma, asthma, tumours, piles, bronchitis, bruises, etc. The aim of this study was to evaluate phytochemical constituent of Curcuma caesia Roxb rhizomes. Preliminary phytochemical studies investigated the presence of abundance of volatile oil, phenol, flavonoids, alkaloids and proteins in Curcuma caesia rhizomes. Present communication deals with the detailed pharmacognostical evaluation of the Curcuma caesia rhizomes.